Posted Sunday, April 27, 2003
Your Perfect Customer is real only in your mind. He or she is the one individual most representative of your target. The one to whom you always speak one-on-one in your newsletter and on your site.
To bring this person to the forefront of your mind in crystal clarity, here are examples of the kinds of questions you need to answer. And your answers need to be reevaluated now and then, as your understanding of your customers grows.
Male Or Female
Your Perfect Customer is male or female, but not both.
Consider an oil additive. It doesn't take long to decide your Perfect Customer is male. Consider face creams. Female.
Name it, then put a sex to it. Even if your target is roughly split between male and female, you need to add a sex to your Perfect Customer.
Why? Because regardless of your sex, you can talk more effectively to men or to women than you can to both. It's a matter of voice, which includes tone and words selected.
A person selling a car to a married couple talks to both at the same time. But the key dialog is directed at the decision maker, male or female. That directed to the spouse is quite different, and is intended to specifically address his or her concerns.
On the Web, we can't switch between two modes of dialog. Thus we need to settle on male or female.
There's No Loss In This
In the end, there is no loss in making this decision. If you decide to address males, females will listen without reservation provided they are also interested in what your product can do for them. And conversely.
All you need to do is avoid sexist related dialog. "Men just don't get it," will cost you the male vote. "Women just don't understand these things," will cost you the female vote. Avoid such blunders at all times. They put your business at risk.
In deciding between using "he" or "she" when speaking to both genders, use "she" exclusively if your target is into political correctness. Use "he" with those over say 55. You'll have to do some figuring for a target in the middle somewhere.
Your decision will probably be the gender most likely to buy your product. But do make a decision. The "s/he" bit annoys all.
Turning To Age
You need to assign an age to your Perfect Customer. Again, so long as the dialog is authentic, people older or younger will follow along without difficulty. Confusion arises only when we try to speak across too great a range. In doing so, we lose authenticity. And all fails.
Is your Perfect Customer single? If so, is marriage likely? In either case, are there children? Or have the children left to build their own lives?
What career is being pursued? Is it a work-at-home bit? Caring for a home and raising kids? (While certainly the latter is a career, I'd refrain from using "housewife;" many women don't like this label much.)
What is the household income? Is the dwelling owned or rented? What part of income is committed to the dwelling? How much discretionary income is available?
What level of formal education has been achieved? Is there a continuing effort to achieve more?
Is your Perfect Customer a member of a specific culture? If so, which one? What languages are used? Do you expect any buyers from other cultures?
What does your Perfect Customer do in their free time? Watch TV? Travel? Go fishing?
Is religion a factor? If so, which one? To what degree is it significant relative to selling your product?
Actually, there is no end to questions such as the above. The answers to many of them mean more with some products than with others. Consider hot water heaters, for example. Only home owners will even be potentially interested. But many products do not depend upon specifics. We all bath, and do whatever we do with our hair, regardless of where we live or what we do each day.
What Of Hopes And Dreams?
You want to trigger a need for your product by tapping into the hopes and dreams of your Perfect Customer. The needs to address are a function of your product and who your Perfect Customer is.
To see how best to make this happen, there's no better approach than to study TV ads. A typical commercial grabs immediately at a specific hope or dream common to the target. And there is only about 30 seconds to a minute to get the message across.
Sure, some commercials are better than others. So focus on the best of them. However, major bucks were spent in the production of most of them. You'll be exploring the results of the thinking of many of the most successful promoters in the world. It's difficult to imagine a better forum from which to learn.
Getting It Done
The more you know about your Perfect Customer, the better you will be able to communicate. You'll come to know what does not need saying. And what needs to be spelled out in detail. Take the time to come to know this person as well as you know your best friend, and the effectiveness of your messages will increase accordingly.