msg_receive

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

msg_receive --  Receive a message from a message queue

Description

bool msg_receive ( resource queue, int desiredmsgtype, int msgtype, int maxsize, mixed message [, bool unserialize [, int flags [, int errorcode]]])

msg_receive() will receive the first message from the specified queue of the type specified by desiredmsgtype. The type of the message that was received will be stored in msgtype. The maximum size of message to be accepted is specified by the maxsize; if the message in the queue is larger than this size the function will fail (unless you set flags as described below). The received message will be stored in message, unless there were errors receiving the message, in which case the optional errorcode will be set to the value of the system errno variable to help you identify the cause.

If desiredmsgtype is 0, the message from the front of the queue is returned. If desiredmsgtype is greater than 0, then the first message of that type is returned. If desiredmsgtype is less than 0, the first message on the queue with the lowest type less than or equal to the absolute value of desiredmsgtype will be read. If no messages match the criteria, your script will wait until a suitable message arrives on the queue. You can prevent the script from blocking by specifying MSG_IPC_NOWAIT in the flags parameter.

unserialize defaults to TRUE; if it is set to TRUE, the message is treated as though it was serialized using the same mechanism as the session module. The message will be unserialized and then returned to your script. This allows you to easily receive arrays or complex object structures from other PHP scripts, or if you are using the WDDX serializer, from any WDDX compatible source. If unserialize is FALSE, the message will be returned as a binary-safe string.

The optional flags allows you to pass flags to the low-level msgrcv system call. It defaults to 0, but you may specify one or more of the following values (by adding or ORing them together).

Table 1. Flag values for msg_receive

MSG_IPC_NOWAITIf there are no messages of the desiredmsgtype, return immediately and do not wait. The function will fail and return an integer value corresponding to ENOMSG.
MSG_IPC_NOWAITUsing this flag in combination with a desiredmsgtype greater than 0 will cause the function to receive the first message that is not equal to desiredmsgtype.
MSG_IPC_NOWAIT If the message is longer than maxsize, setting this flag will truncate the message to maxsize and will not signal an error.

Upon successful completion the message queue data structure is updated as follows: msg_lrpid is set to the process-ID of the calling process, msg_qnum is decremented by 1 and msg_rtime is set to the current time.

msg_receive() returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure. If the function fails, the optional errorcode will be set to the value of the system errno variable.

See also msg_remove_queue(), msg_send(), msg_stat_queue() and msg_set_queue().


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