Returning values

Values are returned by using the optional return statement. Any type may be returned, including lists and objects. This causes the function to end its execution immediately and pass control back to the line from which it was called. See return() for more information.

Example 12-9. Use of return()

<?php
function square ($num)
{
    return
$num * $num;
}
echo
square (4);   // outputs '16'.
?>

You can't return multiple values from a function, but similar results can be obtained by returning a list.

Example 12-10. Returning an array to get multiple values

<?php
function small_numbers()
{
    return array (
0, 1, 2);
}
list (
$zero, $one, $two) = small_numbers();
?>

To return a reference from a function, you have to use the reference operator & in both the function declaration and when assigning the returned value to a variable:

Example 12-11. Returning a reference from a function

<?php
function &returns_reference()
{
    return
$someref;
}

$newref =& returns_reference();
?>

For more information on references, please check out References Explained.


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