Unix/Mac OS X installs

This section contains notes and hints specific to installing PHP on Mac OS X Server.

Using Packages

There are a few pre-packaged and pre-compiled versions of PHP for Mac OS X. This can help in setting up a standard configuration, but if you need to have a different set of features (such as a secure server, or a different database driver), you may need to build PHP and/or your web server yourself. If you are unfamiliar with building and compiling your own software, it's worth checking whether somebody has already built a packaged version of PHP with the features you need.

Compiling for OS X server

There are two slightly different versions of Mac OS X, client and server. The following is for OS X Server.

Mac OS X server install.

  1. Get the latest distributions of Apache and PHP.

  2. Untar them, and run the configure program on Apache like so.
    ./configure --exec-prefix=/usr \
    --localstatedir=/var \
    --mandir=/usr/share/man \
    --libexecdir=/System/Library/Apache/Modules \
    --iconsdir=/System/Library/Apache/Icons \
    --includedir=/System/Library/Frameworks/Apache.framework/Versions/1.3/Headers \
    --enable-shared=max \
    --enable-module=most \
    --target=apache

  3. If you want the compiler to do some optimization., you may also want to add this line:
    setenv OPTIM=-O2

  4. Next, go to the PHP 4 source directory and configure it.
    ./configure --prefix=/usr \
        --sysconfdir=/etc \
        --localstatedir=/var \
        --mandir=/usr/share/man \
        --with-xml \
        --with-apache=/src/apache_1.3.12
    If you have any other additions (MySQL, GD, etc.), be sure to add them here. For the --with-apache string, put in the path to your apache source directory, for example /src/apache_1.3.12.

  5. Type make and make install. This will add a directory to your Apache source directory under src/modules/php4.

  6. Now, reconfigure Apache to build in PHP 4.
    ./configure --exec-prefix=/usr \
    --localstatedir=/var \
    --mandir=/usr/share/man \
    --libexecdir=/System/Library/Apache/Modules \
    --iconsdir=/System/Library/Apache/Icons \
    --includedir=/System/Library/Frameworks/Apache.framework/Versions/1.3/Headers \
    --enable-shared=max \
    --enable-module=most \
    --target=apache \
    --activate-module=src/modules/php4/libphp4.a
    You may get a message telling you that libmodphp4.a is out of date. If so, go to the src/modules/php4 directory inside your apache source directory and run this command: ranlib libmodphp4.a. Then go back to the root of the apache source directory and run the above configure command again. That'll bring the link table up to date. Run make and make install again.

  7. Copy and rename the php.ini-dist file to your bin directory from your PHP 4 source directory: cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/bin/php.ini or (if your don't have a local directory) cp php.ini-dist /usr/bin/php.ini.

Compiling for MacOS X client

Those tips are graciously provided by Marc Liyanage.

The PHP module for the Apache web server included in Mac OS X. This version includes support for the MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.

NOTE: Be careful when you do this, you could screw up your Apache web server!

Do this to install:

  1. Open a terminal window.

  2. Type wget http://www.diax.ch/users/liyanage/software/macosx/libphp4.so.gz, wait for the download to finish.

  3. Type gunzip libphp4.so.gz.

  4. Type sudo apxs -i -a -n php4 libphp4.so

  5. Now type sudo open -a TextEdit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf. TextEdit will open with the web server configuration file. Locate these two lines towards the end of the file: (Use the Find command)
    #AddType application/x-httpd-php .php 
    #AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
    Remove the two hash marks (#), then save the file and quit TextEdit.

  6. Finally, type sudo apachectl graceful to restart the web server.

PHP should now be up and running. You can test it by dropping a file into your Sites folder which is called test.php. Into that file, write this line: <?php phpinfo() ?>.

Now open up 127.0.0.1/~your_username/test.php in your web browser. You should see a status table with information about the PHP module.


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