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Use a List-server to Distribute Your Newsletter

By Stephen Bucaro
Posted Friday, January 14, 2005

If you publish an e-newsletter or e-zine, you know that administering your subscriber list is a big chore. To maintain the list, you may be using an email program on your computer or a CGI program on your server. One advantage to maintaining the list yourself is that you know it is not being shared by anyone else.

However, there are four good reasons why you should host your list on a list-server.

1. People can subscribe or unsubscribe from your list automatically with absolutely no work by you.

2. People often subscribe with an email alias or forwarded email account. You send your newsletter to one address, then receive a delivery failure or unsubscribe from an address not on your list. You cant delete it from your list.

3. People subscribe to the list and then forget that they subscribed. They accuse you of spamming. This cant be avoided entirely, but if your list is hosted on a list-server, you can respond by saying all subscribes and unsubscribes are handled automatically by the list server, you have no control of it.

4. If you plan to sell advertising in your newsletter, most advertisers and advertisement networks will require you to verify your subscriber count. If you maintain the list yourself, the only way you can do that is to share your list with them. You dont want to do that.

If your list is hosted on a list-server, the number of subscribers is there for all to see, provided by an independent third party.

Choosing a List-server

Many list-servers disappeared in the ".com" bust. The best one, listbot, was bought by Microsoft. It is now called bCentral and costs $30.00 per month. Being a list owner, it is your responsibility to keep your list private. With the well publicized ethical problems at Microsoft, I would not put my subscriber list in their hands.

Most of the lists ended up on Yahoo. They are in the domain ( I find yahoo groups very complicated to configure. I also worry about Yahoos privacy policy. Yahoo Group Help states, If you use Groups, it is very likely that other users will be able to see your email address.

( has the easiest to setup list-server. However, it is primarily a group mailing list application that must be configured correctly to perform the newsletter list function. Topicas privacy policy states, The email addresses of participants are partially obscured so they are not obtainable by unauthorized visitors.

Configuring the List-server

To make a list server function as a newsletter list requires that you modify its default configuration. The following configurations should be set.

1. List Type: Read-only Announcement list. Only the owner of the list can post messages to the list.

2. Subscription: Does not require owner approval for people to join the list.

3. Archive: Readable by subscribers only. If non-subscribers can read the newsletter, why should anyone subscribe?

Using the List Server

Now all you have to do is post your newsletter to the list and it will be delivered to all the subscribers. You will still be required to deal with delivery failures. If the reason for the delivery failure is because the email box no-longer exists, then you should delete that address from your list immediately.

A delivery failure can also occur because the email box is too full, or because the mail server is down. You should establish a policy for dealing with delivery failures. You have three choices.

1. Ignore them and let the number of messages returned because of delivery failure grow to enormous size. Advertisers will not use newsletters if they find out they are paying for a large number of non-deliverable addresses.

2. Delete them immediately. If you do that, you may be removing many subscribers who only have the temporary problems mentioned above.

3. Keep a delivery failure address on your list until it fails three times. After three consecutive delivery failures, it is unlikely that the situation will clear up, so you may as well delete the member.

About the Author
Copyright(C)2002 Bucaro TecHelp. To learn how to maintain your computer and use it more effectively to design a Web site and make money on the Web visit: ( To subscribe to Bucaro TecHelp Newsletter Send a blank email to

Stephen Bucaro is the webmaster at


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